BTC Study Materials

Audio-Lingual Method

Audio-Lingual Method As Direct method had serious drawbacks the Audio-Lingual Method came into existence. It was popular during the 1960s, especially in the United States. The other reason for the development of the Audiolingual Method was that the United States emerged as a major international power after the II World War and the demand for …

Audio-Lingual Method Read More »

Direct Method

Direct Method This method was developed at the end of the nineteenth century and it challenged the views on Grammar-Translation method. Gouin and others tried to put forth a method based on scientific observations of children’s language learning. Franke (1884) put forth a proposition that monolingual language teaching could be effective by associating form and …

Direct Method Read More »

Dr. West’s New Method

Dr. West’s New Method Dr. West had done research on teaching English as a foreign language in India and developed this method as a response to the Direct Method. This method focuses on the English language needs of Indians. He states that learners in India need to read English, write it, speak it and comprehend …

Dr. West’s New Method Read More »

Bilingual Method

Bilingual Method Bilingual Method C.J. Dodson (1967) was the proponent of the bilingual method. It is used for teaching a foreign language and it is complementary to the audiovisual method. From the beginning, the sandwich technique is used to convey the meaning bilingually. The mother tongue is used for bilingual pattern drills. The bilingual method …

Bilingual Method Read More »

Situational Approach

Situational Approach The situational approach had been developed from the 1930s to the 1960s by British Applied Linguists, Harold Palmer and A.S. Hornsby. These two people knew the direct method and the work done by19th century applied linguists like Otto Jesperson and Daniel Jones, and they tried to develop a positivist approach to teaching English. …

Situational Approach Read More »

Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE)

Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation, (CCE) The CCE system was introduced by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in 2009 with the enactment of the Right to Education (RTE) Act to bring about a holistic development among learners. The main aim of CCE is to evaluate every aspect of the learner during their presence at school. …

Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) Read More »

Grammar–Translation Method

Grammar–Translation Method The grammar–translation method originated in the 1500s when Latin was extensively studied as a foreign language due to its importance in various fields like academia, business, etc. but the use of Latin gradually declined during the century, and it was substituted by English, and other European languages. Eventually, people studied Latin as a …

Grammar–Translation Method Read More »

Different Approaches / Theories to Language Learning and Teaching

Different Approaches / Theories to Language Learning and Teaching Introduction :- In any society, language is important to communicate productively. Without an intelligible language, the geometrical progression of any society is impossible. The best example is the story of Babel in the Holy Bible. Briefly, during the time of Noah, people were wicked and God …

Different Approaches / Theories to Language Learning and Teaching Read More »

एडीएचडी (ध्यानाभाव एवं अतिसक्रियता विकार) – ADHD क्या है?

एडीएचडी (ध्यानाभाव एवं अतिसक्रियता विकार) – ADHD in Hindi, एडीएचडी (ध्यानाभाव एवं अतिसक्रियता विकार) – ADHD क्या है? ADHD या ध्यानाभाव एवं अतिसक्रियता विकार ADHD का फुलफॉर्म Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder और हिंदी में एडीएचडी का मतलब ध्यान आभाव सक्रियता विकार है। ध्यान डेफिसिट हाइपरएक्टिविटी डिसऑर्डर (एडीएचडी) एक मस्तिष्क विकार है जो मस्तिष्क में एक …

एडीएचडी (ध्यानाभाव एवं अतिसक्रियता विकार) – ADHD क्या है? Read More »

उपचारात्मक शिक्षण (Remedial Teaching)

उपचारात्मक शिक्षण (Remedial Teaching) उपचारात्मक शिक्षण वास्तव में छात्र ने जो कुछ सीखा है उस को ध्यान में रखकर उसकी उन्नति प्राप्त करने के लिए होता है। इसके अंतर्गत शिक्षक छात्र को अपनी कमजोरियों के क्षेत्र में अधिक योग्यता की दिशा में अग्रसर करता है। शिक्षा का उद्देश्य मात्र ज्ञान प्रदान करना ही नहीं अपितु …

उपचारात्मक शिक्षण (Remedial Teaching) Read More »